How do lawmakers decide how much should be spent on the healthcare of its citizens?
When making these decisions, it is helpful to consider spending patterns in other countries.
What is the effectiveness of the services that other countries provide? According to the Los Angeles Times, the United States spends more on healthcare than any other country in the world.
This being the case, the high spending hasn't sufficiently lowered the country's high rates of infant mortality or raised life expectancy as compared to other developed countries.
A look at healthcare costs and service outcomes seems to indicate that others are getting more bang for their buck.
Here are some of the key statistics that tell us just where the United States ranks with other world powers in samples of expenditures and outcomes:
1. Total Health Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP
GDP, or gross domestic product, refers to a value placed on a country's goods and services. It is the single most important measure used in determining inflation and the economic health of a nation.
At 17.2 percent of GDP, the United States was definitely spending a higher percentage of its resources on healthcare in 2016 than these other developed
2. Annual Costs of Healthcare Per Capita
Another useful way of looking at what a country is spending on healthcare is to examine the average amount it spent in a year per person for this purpose.
This number can be compared to other years and to other countries to get some idea about the effectiveness of governmental policies concerning healthcare.
With numbers such as these, we can compare what other developed countries spent on average for each of their citizens in 2016 in contrast to the United States' per capita healthcare expenditures that year.
In the United States, the annual cost of healthcare per capita was $9,892.00 and is still rising.
While politicians fight with one another, the United States continues to be number one in high healthcare costs per capita.
3. World's Infant Mortality Rates Per 1,000 Live Births
The infant mortality rate is based on the number of deaths in children under one year of age per 1,000 following live births.
The highest rates in the world are found in underdeveloped countries without government services, clean water or adequate health care.
The infant mortality rate remains higher in the U.S. than in most other developed nations.
The infant mortality rate in the United States is estimated to be 5.67, almost three times that of Japan.
4. Life Expectancy Across the Globe
Life expectancy is the average number of years persons born in the same year are expected to live and is based on the numbers and ages of recorded deaths.
For the United States, the average life expectancy was 81.6. That is five years less than Japan.
5. MRI Machine Availability
MRIs are used to take pictures of the inside body structure and of organs. They are used both for diagnoses and for monitoring certain treatments.
A recent Globe Newswire article from October 2017 reported that the "Magnetic Resonance Imaging Systems market is projected to exceed USD 8.5 billion by 2024."
The high costs associated with MRI Machine use further restricts the likelihood that poorer countries will be able to afford the machines in their local environments.
This chart shows the number of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) units in selected (OECD) countries per million inhabitants as of 2015 (or latest year available):
In the United States, 35.5 MRI machines were available for every million people, second only to Japan in this grouping of industrialized nations.
Why the Discrepancy?
Statistics such as these beg the question of why the United States spends so much on healthcare but achieves inferior outcomes to its neighbors.
The answer may lie in costs for drugs, medical equipment, health insurance administration and waste.